Primary tabs

Did you mean
team held come

Search results

  1. Health Library

    Sites with Brooklyn header: In-Depth Reports http://tbh-se3.adam.com/content.aspx?productId=10 Wellness Tools< http://tbh-se3.adam.com/content.aspx?productId=20 > Health Risk Assessments< http://tbh-se3.adam.com/content.aspx?productId ...

  2. Medical Service

    Head & Neck Surgery

    The Brooklyn Hospital Center's Division of Head and Neck Surgery manages the diagnosis and surgical treatment of benign and malignant tumors of the head and neck. Staffed by a team of highly capable sur ...

  3. Medical Service

    Otolaryngology (ENT)

    ring, balance, smell, taste, voice, speech and language. Common ENT Conditions and Services head and neck inf ... cer papillomas spasmodic dysphonia throat infections vocal fold nodules Head ...

  4. Medical Service

    Pediatric Surgery

    anomalies and tumors of the head, neck, chest, abdomen and pelvis ...

  5. Medical Service

    Pediatric Emergency Care

    sicians:  Noah Kondamudi Haamid Chamdawala Melissa Hersh Majo Joseph Heather MacAdam ...

  6. Medical Service

    Allergy & Immunology

    rrhea, headache, runny nose itching of the nose, mouth, throat, skin, or any ...

  7. Medical Service

    Neurology

    disorders neck and back pain stroke headaches carpal tunnel syndrome Featured ...

  8. Medical Service

    Plastic Surgery

    years of specialty training in head and neck surgery and facial pla ... of the head and neck provides the facial plastic surgeon with a strong foc ...

  9. Medical Service

    Nuclear Medicine

    including one single-head and three dual-head gamma cameras. We are als ...

  10. Medical Service

    Pediatric Genetics

    lude: unexplained developmental/speech delays or mental retardation small head siz ...

Pages

Search | The Brooklyn Hospital Center
 

Primary tabs

Did you mean
team both come

Search results

  1. Medical Service Parent

    Cancer Care

    cer, but being aware of your body and seeking medical care when you start to notice ...

  2. Heart Disease

    tent above is based on Adam Health Content, for  more details related to  ... .599.6200   HEALTH RESOURCES Wellness for Life Club   What is Your  BODY MASS IND ...

  3. Diabetes

    el.   The content above is based on Adam Health Content, for  more details related ... t is Your  BODY MASS INDEX >   Need Help Losing Weight?  Visit our Wei ...

  4. Article

    Cared For — Body and Mind

    When I woke up in the middle of the night with a very painful "charley horse" in my calf after a trip to Washington DC, I thought nothing of it. I just figured I had strained it from the active day, no big deal. But the pain lingered on, intensi ...

  5. Medical Service

    Pediatric Emergency Care

    sicians:  Noah Kondamudi Haamid Chamdawala Melissa Hersh Majo Joseph Heather MacAdam ...

  6. Medical Service

    Otolaryngology (ENT)

    us disease swallowing and voice disorders snoring and sleep apnea foreign body ... d and Neck Surgery foreign body removal infections, cysts, lesions and masses ...

  7. Medical Service

    Dermatology

    n and body, offering skin care for the entire family. Not all skin conditions ... cer, ethnicity matters Malignant melanomas can appear anywhere on the body ...

  8. Medical Service

    Allergy & Immunology

    is oversensitive in a person with allergies. When the body recognizes an all ...

  9. Medical Service

    Wound Care

    O” therapy is a medical treatment that enhances the body’s natural healing ...

  10. Medical Service

    Palliative Care

    decisions Help improving your body’s tolerance for medications Coordination ...

Pages

TMJ disorders

Definition

Temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders (TMJ disorders) are problems that affect the chewing muscles and joints that connect your lower jaw to your skull.

Alternative Names

TMD; Temporomandibular joint disorders; Temporomandibular muscle disorders

Causes

There are two matching temporomandibular joints on each side of your head. They are located just in front of your ears. The abbreviation "TMJ" refers to the name of the joint but is often used to mean any disorders or symptoms of this region.

Many TMJ-related symptoms are caused by the effects of physical stress on the structures around the joint. These structures include:

For many people with temporomandibular joint disorders, the cause is unknown. Some causes given for this condition are not well proven. These include:

Poor posture can also be an important factor in TMJ symptoms. For example, holding the head forward while looking at a computer all day strains the muscles of the face and neck.

Other factors that may make TMJ symptoms worse include stress, poor diet, and lack of sleep.

Many people end up having "trigger points." These are contracted muscles in your jaw, head, and neck. Trigger points can refer pain to other areas, causing a headache, earache, or toothache.

Other possible causes of TMJ-related symptoms include arthritis, fractures, dislocations, and structural problems present since birth.

Symptoms

Symptoms associated with TMJ disorders may be:

Exams and Tests

You may need to see more than one medical specialist for your TMJ pain and symptoms. This may include a primary care provider, a dentist, or an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) doctor, depending on your symptoms.

You will need a thorough exam that involves:

Sometimes, the results of the physical exam may appear normal.

Your doctor will also need to consider other conditions, such as infections, ear infections, or nerve-related problems and headaches that may be causing your symptoms.

Treatment

Simple, gentle therapies are recommended first.

Read as much as you can, as opinion varies widely on how to treat TMJ disorders. Get the opinions of several doctors. The good news is that most people eventually find something that helps.

Ask your doctor or dentist about medications you can use:

Mouth or bite guards, also called splints or appliances, have long been used to treat teeth grinding, clenching, and TMJ disorders.

If conservative treatments do not work, it does not automatically mean you need more aggressive treatment. Use caution when considering nonreversible treatment method, such as orthodontics or surgery that permanently changes your bite.

Reconstructive surgery of the jaw, or joint replacement, is rarely required. In fact, studies have shown that the results are often worse than before surgery.

Support Groups

You can get more information and find support groups through the TMJ Syndrome Association -- www.tmj.org

Outlook (Prognosis)

For many people, symptoms occur only sometimes and do not last long. They tend to go away in time with little or no treatment. Most cases can be successfully treated.

Some cases of pain go away on their own without treatment. TMJ-related pain may return again in the future. If the cause is nighttime clenching, treatment can be very tricky because it is a sleeping behavior that is hard to control.

Mouth splints are a common treatment approach for teeth grinding. While some splints may silence the grinding by providing a flat, even surface, they may not be as effective at reducing pain or stopping clenching. Splints may work well in the short-term, but could become less effective over time. Some splints can also cause bite changes if they are not fitted properly. This may cause a new problem.

Possible Complications

When to Contact a Medical Professional

See your health care provider right away if you are having trouble eating or opening your mouth. Keep in mind that many conditions can cause TMJ symptoms, from arthritis to whiplash injuries. Experts who are specially trained in facial pain can help diagnose and treat TMJ.

Prevention

Many of the home-care steps to treat TMJ problems can also help prevent the condition. These steps include:

References

Rotter BE. Temporomandibular joint disorders. In: Flint PW, Haughey BH, Lund LJ, et al, eds. Cummings Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2010:chap 94.



Review Date: 2/25/2014
Reviewed By: Ilona Fotek, DMD, MS, Palm Beach Prosthodontics Dental Associates, West Palm Beach, FL. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
adam.com
Search | The Brooklyn Hospital Center
 

Primary tabs

Did you mean
team food come

Search results

  1. Medical Service

    Orthopaedic Services

    of the foot, knee, shoulder, hip, hand or other joints. We also treat bone ... advanced reconstructive surgery of the foot, ankle, knee and sho ... er ligament tears Foot and Ankle achilles tendonitis and tears peroneal ten ...

  2. Medical Service

    Podiatry

    The Division of Podiatry offers high-quality, state-of-the-art therapies to treat a wide range of foot and ankle disorders. Conditions Treated at The Brooklyn Hospital Center ingrown toenails ankle sprains ...

  3. Medical Service

    Pediatric Emergency Care

    sicians:  Noah Kondamudi Haamid Chamdawala Melissa Hersh Majo Joseph Heather MacAdam ...

  4. Medical Service

    Geriatrics

    ression, memory loss urinary and bowel incontinence foot ulcers and oth ...

  5. Health Library

    Sites with Brooklyn header: In-Depth Reports http://tbh-se3.adam.com/content.aspx?productId=10 Wellness Tools< http://tbh-se3.adam.com/content.aspx?productId=20 > Health Risk Assessments< http://tbh-se3.adam.com/content.aspx?productId ...

  6. Heart Disease

    tent above is based on Adam Health Content, for  more details related to  ...

  7. Diabetes

    el.   The content above is based on Adam Health Content, for  more details related ...

  8. Patient Portal

    e invitation code provided to you and click “Agree” to the release of inf ...

  9. Simulation Center

    TBHC has developed a multimillion dollar, state-of-the-art Simulation Facility where residents receive training on laparoscopy, intubation, central line placement, code simulations and obstetric deliveries.   ...

  10. Event

    Healthy Back 2 School Fair!

    e blood pressure and foot screenings • Health insurance information • Sch ...

Pages