Primary tabs

Did you mean
team held come

Search results

  1. Health Library

    Sites with Brooklyn header: In-Depth Reports http://tbh-se3.adam.com/content.aspx?productId=10 Wellness Tools< http://tbh-se3.adam.com/content.aspx?productId=20 > Health Risk Assessments< http://tbh-se3.adam.com/content.aspx?productId ...

  2. Medical Service

    Head & Neck Surgery

    The Brooklyn Hospital Center's Division of Head and Neck Surgery manages the diagnosis and surgical treatment of benign and malignant tumors of the head and neck. Staffed by a team of highly capable sur ...

  3. Medical Service

    Otolaryngology (ENT)

    ring, balance, smell, taste, voice, speech and language. Common ENT Conditions and Services head and neck inf ... cer papillomas spasmodic dysphonia throat infections vocal fold nodules Head ...

  4. Medical Service

    Pediatric Surgery

    anomalies and tumors of the head, neck, chest, abdomen and pelvis ...

  5. Medical Service

    Pediatric Emergency Care

    sicians:  Noah Kondamudi Haamid Chamdawala Melissa Hersh Majo Joseph Heather MacAdam ...

  6. Medical Service

    Allergy & Immunology

    rrhea, headache, runny nose itching of the nose, mouth, throat, skin, or any ...

  7. Medical Service

    Neurology

    disorders neck and back pain stroke headaches carpal tunnel syndrome Featured ...

  8. Medical Service

    Plastic Surgery

    years of specialty training in head and neck surgery and facial pla ... of the head and neck provides the facial plastic surgeon with a strong foc ...

  9. Medical Service

    Nuclear Medicine

    including one single-head and three dual-head gamma cameras. We are als ...

  10. Medical Service

    Pediatric Genetics

    lude: unexplained developmental/speech delays or mental retardation small head siz ...

Pages

Search | The Brooklyn Hospital Center
 

Primary tabs

Did you mean
team both come

Search results

  1. Medical Service Parent

    Cancer Care

    cer, but being aware of your body and seeking medical care when you start to notice ...

  2. Heart Disease

    tent above is based on Adam Health Content, for  more details related to  ... .599.6200   HEALTH RESOURCES Wellness for Life Club   What is Your  BODY MASS IND ...

  3. Diabetes

    el.   The content above is based on Adam Health Content, for  more details related ... t is Your  BODY MASS INDEX >   Need Help Losing Weight?  Visit our Wei ...

  4. Article

    Cared For — Body and Mind

    When I woke up in the middle of the night with a very painful "charley horse" in my calf after a trip to Washington DC, I thought nothing of it. I just figured I had strained it from the active day, no big deal. But the pain lingered on, intensi ...

  5. Medical Service

    Pediatric Emergency Care

    sicians:  Noah Kondamudi Haamid Chamdawala Melissa Hersh Majo Joseph Heather MacAdam ...

  6. Medical Service

    Otolaryngology (ENT)

    us disease swallowing and voice disorders snoring and sleep apnea foreign body ... d and Neck Surgery foreign body removal infections, cysts, lesions and masses ...

  7. Medical Service

    Dermatology

    n and body, offering skin care for the entire family. Not all skin conditions ... cer, ethnicity matters Malignant melanomas can appear anywhere on the body ...

  8. Medical Service

    Allergy & Immunology

    is oversensitive in a person with allergies. When the body recognizes an all ...

  9. Medical Service

    Wound Care

    O” therapy is a medical treatment that enhances the body’s natural healing ...

  10. Medical Service

    Palliative Care

    decisions Help improving your body’s tolerance for medications Coordination ...

Pages

Mammography

Definition

A mammogram is an x-ray picture of the breasts. It is used to find breast tumors and cancer.

Alternative Names

Mammogram

How the Test is Performed

You will be asked to undress from the waist up. You will be given a gown to wear. Depending on the type of equipment used, you will sit or stand.

One breast at a time is rested on a flat surface that contains the x-ray plate. A device called a compressor will be pressed firmly against the breast. This helps flatten the breast tissue.

The x-ray pictures are taken from several angles. You may be asked to hold your breath as each picture is taken.

You may be asked to come back at a later date for more mammogram images. This does not always mean you have breast cancer. The doctor may simply need to recheck an area that could not be clearly seen on the first test.

Digital mammography is a newer technique. It allows the x-ray image of the breast to be viewed and manipulated on a computer screen. It improves accuracy, but it is not yet available everywhere.

How to Prepare for the Test

Do not use deodorant, perfume, powders, or ointments under your arms or on your breasts on the day of the mammogram. These substances may hide the images. Remove all jewelry from your neck and chest area.

Tell your doctor and the x-ray technologist if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

How the Test will Feel

The compressor surfaces may feel cold. When the breast is pressed down, you may have some pain. This needs to be done to get good quality images.

Why the Test is Performed

Mammography is performed to screen women to detect early breast cancer when it is more likely to be cured. Mammography is recommended for:

Mammography is also used to:

Discuss with your health care provider how often you need to have screening mammograms.

Normal Results

Breast tissue that shows no signs of a mass or calcification is considered normal.

What Abnormal Results Mean

Most abnormal findings on a screening mammogram turn out to be benign (not cancer) or nothing to worry about. New findings or changes must be further evaluated.

A radiology doctor (radiologist) may see the following types of findings on a mammogram:

At times, the following tests are also needed to further examine mammogram findings:

Comparing your current mammogram to your past mammograms helps the radiologist tell whether you had an abnormal finding in the past and whether it has changed.

When mammogram or ultrasound results look suspicious, a biopsy is done to test the tissue and see if it is cancerous. Types of biopsies include:

Risks

The level of radiation is low and any risk from mammography is very low. If you are pregnant and need to have an abnormality checked, your belly area will be covered and protected by a lead apron.

Routine screening mammography is not done during pregnancy or while breastfeeding.

References

American Cancer Society. American Cancer Society Recommendations for Early Breast Cancer Detection in Women Without Breast Symptoms. Last revised October 24, 2013. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/cancer/breastcancer/moreinformation/breastcancerearlydetection/breast-cancer-early-detection-acs-recs. Accessed November 12, 2013.

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). ACOG practice bulletin no.122. Breast cancer screening. Obstet Gynecol. 2011;118:372-382.

Katz VL, Dotters, D. Breast diseases: diagnosis and treatment of benign and malignant disease. In: Lentz GM, Lobo RA, Gershenson DM, Katz VL, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Mosby; 2012:chap 15.

National Cancer Institute: PDQ Breast Cancer Screening. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute. Date last modified 10/30/2013. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/screening/breast/healthprofessional. Accessed November 12, 2013.

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for Breast Cancer. July 2010. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Available at: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/uspsbrca.htm. Accessed November 12, 2013.



Review Date: 10/30/2013
Reviewed By: Yi-Bin Chen, MD, Leukemia/Bone Marrow Transplant Program, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
adam.com
Search | The Brooklyn Hospital Center
 

Primary tabs

Did you mean
team food come

Search results

  1. Medical Service

    Orthopaedic Services

    of the foot, knee, shoulder, hip, hand or other joints. We also treat bone ... advanced reconstructive surgery of the foot, ankle, knee and sho ... er ligament tears Foot and Ankle achilles tendonitis and tears peroneal ten ...

  2. Medical Service

    Podiatry

    The Division of Podiatry offers high-quality, state-of-the-art therapies to treat a wide range of foot and ankle disorders. Conditions Treated at The Brooklyn Hospital Center ingrown toenails ankle sprains ...

  3. Medical Service

    Pediatric Emergency Care

    sicians:  Noah Kondamudi Haamid Chamdawala Melissa Hersh Majo Joseph Heather MacAdam ...

  4. Medical Service

    Geriatrics

    ression, memory loss urinary and bowel incontinence foot ulcers and oth ...

  5. Health Library

    Sites with Brooklyn header: In-Depth Reports http://tbh-se3.adam.com/content.aspx?productId=10 Wellness Tools< http://tbh-se3.adam.com/content.aspx?productId=20 > Health Risk Assessments< http://tbh-se3.adam.com/content.aspx?productId ...

  6. Heart Disease

    tent above is based on Adam Health Content, for  more details related to  ...

  7. Diabetes

    el.   The content above is based on Adam Health Content, for  more details related ...

  8. Simulation Center

    TBHC has developed a multimillion dollar, state-of-the-art Simulation Facility where residents receive training on laparoscopy, intubation, central line placement, code simulations and obstetric deliveries.   ...

  9. Patient Portal

    e invitation code provided to you and click “Agree” to the release of inf ...

  10. Event

    Healthy Back 2 School Fair!

    e blood pressure and foot screenings • Health insurance information • Sch ...

Pages