Primary tabs

Did you mean
team held codes

Search results

  1. Health Library

    Sites with Brooklyn header: HealthNavigator < http://tbh-se3.adam.com/content.aspx?productId=65 > In-Depth Reports http://tbh-se3.adam.com/content.aspx?productId=10 Wellness Tools< http://tbh-se3.adam.com/content.aspx?productId=20 > Hea ...

  2. Medical Service

    Head & Neck Surgery

    The Brooklyn Hospital Center's Division of Head and Neck Surgery manages the diagnosis and surgical treatment of benign and malignant tumors of the head and neck. Staffed by a team of highly capable sur ...

  3. Medical Service

    Otolaryngology (ENT)

    ring, balance, smell, taste, voice, speech and language. Common ENT Conditions and Services head and neck inf ... cer papillomas spasmodic dysphonia throat infections vocal fold nodules Head ...

  4. Medical Service

    Pediatric Surgery

    anomalies and tumors of the head, neck, chest, abdomen and pelvis ...

  5. Medical Service

    Pediatric Emergency Care

    sicians:  Noah Kondamudi Haamid Chamdawala Melissa Hersh Majo Joseph Heather MacAdam ...

  6. Medical Service

    Allergy & Immunology

    rrhea, headache, runny nose itching of the nose, mouth, throat, skin, or any ...

  7. Medical Service

    Neurology

    disorders neck and back pain stroke headaches carpal tunnel syndrome Featured ...

  8. Medical Service

    Plastic Surgery

    years of specialty training in head and neck surgery and facial pla ... of the head and neck provides the facial plastic surgeon with a strong foc ...

  9. Medical Service

    Nuclear Medicine

    including one single-head and three dual-head gamma cameras. We are als ...

  10. Medical Service

    Pediatric Genetics

    lude: unexplained developmental/speech delays or mental retardation small head siz ...

Pages

Search | The Brooklyn Hospital Center
 

Primary tabs

Did you mean
team both codes

Search results

  1. Medical Service Parent

    Cancer Care

    cer, but being aware of your body and seeking medical care when you start to notice ...

  2. Heart Disease

    tent above is based on Adam Health Content, for  more details related to  ... .599.6200   HEALTH RESOURCES Wellness for Life Club   What is Your  BODY MASS IND ...

  3. Diabetes

    el.   The content above is based on Adam Health Content, for  more details related ... t is Your  BODY MASS INDEX >   Need Help Losing Weight?  Visit our Wei ...

  4. Article

    Cared For — Body and Mind

    When I woke up in the middle of the night with a very painful "charley horse" in my calf after a trip to Washington DC, I thought nothing of it. I just figured I had strained it from the active day, no big deal. But the pain lingered on, intensi ...

  5. Medical Service

    Pediatric Emergency Care

    sicians:  Noah Kondamudi Haamid Chamdawala Melissa Hersh Majo Joseph Heather MacAdam ...

  6. Medical Service

    Otolaryngology (ENT)

    us disease swallowing and voice disorders snoring and sleep apnea foreign body ... d and Neck Surgery foreign body removal infections, cysts, lesions and masses ...

  7. Medical Service

    Dermatology

    n and body, offering skin care for the entire family. Not all skin conditions ... cer, ethnicity matters Malignant melanomas can appear anywhere on the body ...

  8. Medical Service

    Allergy & Immunology

    is oversensitive in a person with allergies. When the body recognizes an all ...

  9. Medical Service

    Wound Care

    O” therapy is a medical treatment that enhances the body’s natural healing ...

  10. Medical Service

    Palliative Care

    decisions Help improving your body’s tolerance for medications Coordination ...

Pages

Flat feet

Definition

Flat feet (pes planus) refers to a change in foot shape in which the foot does not have a normal arch when standing.

Alternative Names

Pes planovalgus; Fallen arches; Pronation of feet; Pes planus

Causes

Flat feet are a common condition. The condition is normal in infants and toddlers.

Flat feet occur because the tissues holding the joints in the foot together (called tendons) are loose.

The tissues tighten and form an arch as children grow older. This will take place by the time the child is 2 or 3 years old. Most people have normal arches by the time they are adults. However, the arch may never form in some people.

Aging, injuries, or illness may harm the tendons and cause flat feet to develop in a person who has already formed arches. This type of flat foot may occur only on one side.

Rarely, painful flat feet in children may be caused by a condition in which two or more of the bones in the foot grow or fuse together. This condition is called tarsal coalition.

Symptoms

Most flat feet do not cause pain or other problems.

Children may have foot pain, ankle pain, or lower leg pain. They should be evaluated by a health care provider if this occurs.

Symptoms in adults may include tired or achy feet after long periods of standing or playing sports.

Exams and Tests

In people with flat feet, the instep of the foot comes in contact with the ground when standing.

To diagnose the problem, the health care provider will ask you to stand on your toes. If an arch forms,the flat foot is called flexible. You will not need any more tests or treatment. 

If the arch does not form with toe-standing (called rigid flat feet), or if there is pain, other tests may be needed, including:

Treatment

Flat feet in a child do not need treatment if they are not causing pain or walking problems.

In older children and adults, flexible flat feet that do not cause pain or walking problems do not need further treatment. 

If you have pain due to flexible flat feet, the following may help:

Rigid or painful flat feet need to be checked by a health care provider. The treatment depends on the cause of the flat feet.

For tarsal coalition, treatment starts with rest and possibly a cast. Surgery may be needed if pain does not improve.

In more severe cases, surgery may be needed to:

Flat feet in older adults can be treated with pain relievers, orthotics, and sometimes surgery.

Outlook (Prognosis)

Most cases of flat feet are painless and do not cause any problems. They will not need treatment.

Some causes of painful flat feet can be treated without surgery. If other treatments do not work, surgery may be needed to relieve pain in some cases.

Surgery often improves pain and foot function for people who need it. 

Possible Complications

Possible problems after surgery include:

When to Contact a Medical Professional

Call your health care provider if you experience persistent pain in your feet or your child complains of foot pain or lower leg pain.

Prevention

Most cases are not preventable.

References

Hosalkar HS, Spiegel DA, Davidson RS. The foot and toes. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap. 666.

Wexler D, Kile TZ, Grosser DM. Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction. In: Frontera WR, Silver JK, eds. Essentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2008:chap. 87.



Review Date: 1/17/2013
Reviewed By: C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Assistant Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, David R. Eltz, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
adam.com
Search | The Brooklyn Hospital Center
 

Primary tabs

Did you mean
team food codes

Search results

  1. Medical Service

    Orthopaedic Services

    of the foot, knee, shoulder, hip, hand or other joints. We also treat bone ... advanced reconstructive surgery of the foot, ankle, knee and sho ... er ligament tears Foot and Ankle achilles tendonitis and tears peroneal ten ...

  2. Medical Service

    Podiatry

    The Division of Podiatry offers high-quality, state-of-the-art therapies to treat a wide range of foot and ankle disorders. Conditions Treated at The Brooklyn Hospital Center ingrown toenails ankle sprains ...

  3. Medical Service

    Pediatric Emergency Care

    sicians:  Noah Kondamudi Haamid Chamdawala Melissa Hersh Majo Joseph Heather MacAdam ...

  4. Medical Service

    Geriatrics

    ression, memory loss urinary and bowel incontinence foot ulcers and oth ...

  5. Health Library

    Sites with Brooklyn header: HealthNavigator < http://tbh-se3.adam.com/content.aspx?productId=65 > In-Depth Reports http://tbh-se3.adam.com/content.aspx?productId=10 Wellness Tools< http://tbh-se3.adam.com/content.aspx?productId=20 > Hea ...

  6. Heart Disease

    tent above is based on Adam Health Content, for  more details related to  ...

  7. Diabetes

    el.   The content above is based on Adam Health Content, for  more details related ...

  8. Event

    Healthy Back 2 School Fair!

    e blood pressure and foot screenings • Health insurance information • Sch ...

  9. Article

    Saturday in the Park! Annual health fair in Fort Greene Park helps us keep Brooklyn healthy.

    r prostate cancer). Dental and foot screenings, HIV/AIDS education, infant CPR ...

  10. Article

    Saturday In The Park-- TBHC Health Fair Emphasizes Wellness and Prevention

    tal, glucose, blood pressure, cholesterol, postural, foot, PSA, and BMI ...

Pages