Eyelid lift surgery is done to repair sagging or drooping upper eyelids (ptosis). The surgery is called blepharoplasty.
Sagging or drooping eyelids occur with increasing age. Some people are born with droopy eyelids or develop a disease that causes eyelid drooping.
The procedure is done as follows:
- You are given medicine to help you relax.
- The surgeon injects numbing medicine (anesthesia) around the eye so you do not feel pain during the surgery. You will be awake while the surgery is done.
- The surgeon makes tiny cuts (incisions) into the natural creases or folds of the eyelids.
- Loose skin and extra fat tissue are removed. The eyelid muscles are then tightened.
- At the end of surgery, the incisions are closed with stitches.
Eyelid surgery is done in a surgeon's office. Or it is done as outpatient surgery in a medical center.
Why the Procedure Is Performed
An eyelid lift is needed when eyelid drooping reduces your vision. You may be asked to have your eye doctor test your vision before you have the surgery.
Some people have an eyelid lift to improve their appearance. This is called cosmetic or elective surgery. The eyelid lift may be done alone or with other surgery such as a browlift or facelift.
Eyelid surgery will not remove wrinkles around the eyes, lift sagging eyebrows, or get rid of dark circles under the eyes.
Risks of anesthesia and surgery in general include:
- Reactions to medications
- Bleeding, blood clots, infection
Risks of an eyelid lift may include:
- Damage to eye or loss of vision (rare)
- Difficulty closing the eyes while sleeping (rarely permanent)
- Double or blurred vision
- Temporary swelling of the eyelids
- Tiny whiteheads after stitches are removed
- Slow healing
- Uneven healing or scarring
Medical conditions that make blepharoplasty more risky are:
- Dry eye or not enough tear production
- Heart disease or disorders of the blood vessels
- High blood pressure or other circulatory disorders
- Thyroid problems such as hypothyroidism and Graves disease
After the Procedure
You can usually go home the day of surgery. Arrange ahead of time for an adult to drive you home.
Before you leave, the health care provider will cover your eyes and eyelids with ointment and a bandage. Your eyelids may feel tight and sore as the numbing medicine wears off. The discomfort is easily controlled with pain medicine.
Keep your head raised as much as possible for several days. Place cold packs over the area to reduce swelling and bruising. Wrap the cold pack in a towel before applying. This helps prevent cold injury to the eyes and skin.
Your doctor may recommend eye drops to reduce burning or itching.
You should be able to see well after 2 to 3 days. DO NOT wear contact lenses for at least 2 weeks. Keep activities to a minimum for 3 to 5 days, and avoid strenuous activities that raise the blood pressure for about 3 weeks. This includes lifting, bending, and rigorous sports.
Your doctor will remove the stitches 2 to 7 days after surgery. You will have some bruising, which may last 2 to 4 weeks. You may notice increased tears, more sensitivity to light and wind, and blurring or double vision for the first few weeks.
Scars may remain slightly pink for 6 months or more after surgery. They will fade to a thin, nearly invisible white line. The more alert and youthful look usually lasts for years. These results are permanent for many people.
Drolet BC, Sullivan PK. Evidence-based medicine: Blepharoplasty. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2014;133:1195-1205. PMID: 24776550 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24776550.
Neligan PC, Buck DW II. Blepharoplasty. In: Neligan PC, Buck DW II. Core Procedures in Plastic Surgery. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2014:chap 1.
Hebe Molmenti, MD, PhD, Private Practice specializing in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Baltimore, MD. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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